No less a champion of Darwinian thought than Richard Dawkins holds out the prospect of ‘deliberately cultivating and nurturing pure, disinterested altruism -something that has no place in nature, something that has never existed before in the whole history of the world’. Although ‘We are built as gene machines,’ he tells us, ‘we have the power to turn against our creators’. There is an important truth here. We are the first generation to understand not only that we have evolved, but also the mechanisms by which we have evolved and how this evolutionary heritage influences our behaviour. In his philosophical epic, The Phenomenology of Mind, Hegel portrayed the culmination of history as a state of Absolute Knowledge, in which Mind knows itself for what it is, and hence achieves its own freedom. We don’t have to buy Hegel’s metaphysics to see that something similar really has happened in the last fifty years. For the first time since life emerged from the primeval soup, there are beings who understand how they have come to be what they are. To those who fear adding to the power of government and the scientific establishment, this seems more of a danger than a source of freedom. In a more distant future that we can still barely glimpse, it may turn out to be the prerequisite for a new kind of freedom.
Muito obrigado, por sinal.
Em tempo: a passage acima é de Peter Singer, com quem via de regra eu discordo, e com quem concordo integralmente neste ponto. A passagem que eu destaquei, parece dar o tom de um discurso determinista, e ao mesmo tempo libertador. Porque ele diz: “somos determinados, somos máquinas genéticas”, mas também diz “existe algo que podemos fazer sobre isso”. Darwin talvez tenha falado mais sobre a natureza humana do que qualquer filósofo do século XX e pode ter falado melhor. Ou talvez, ele simplesmente fale de outro tipo de natureza humana.
Logo, teremos algo mais sobre isso aqui no blog.